The history of Benin is a succession of kingdoms. In 1704, France received permission to erect a port at Ouidah, and in 1752 the Portuguese founded Porto Novo. On June 22, 1894, the territory was named by decree the "Colony of Dahomey and its dependences" and was granted autonomy which it retained until October 18, 1904 when it became part of French West Africa. On December 4, 1958 the Republic was proclaimed. Dahomey became independent on August 1, 1960.
Location: - West Africa
Area: 112,622 Sq. km - about 2/3 the size of Portugal
Benin has about 42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba
Over half the people speak Fon. Yoruba, Mina, Bariba and Dendi are the other important languages.
Benin constitutes a long stretch of land perpendicular to the Coast of the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered on the North by Burkina Faso and the Republic of Niger, on the East by the Federal Republic of Nigeria and on the West by the Republic of Togo.
Republic of Benin
What the Colors Represent
The green denotes hope for renewal, the red evokes the ancestors' courage while the yellow calls to mind the country's richest treasures (Fonio).